Dr Richard Halvorsen

offering vaccine choice

The introduction of new vaccines

Smallpox vaccination started in the early 19th century. It was over a hundred years before another vaccine was introduced for widespread use. This was diphtheria toxoid, that was used nationally from 1940. The dates of the introductions of the different vaccines into the routine UK childhood immunisation schedule are shown in the table below.

Intoduction of vaccines into the UK national schedule
Disease
Routine vaccination started
Routine vaccination stopped
Smallpox
Early 1800s
1971
Diphtheria
1941
Tuberculosis (TB)
1953
2005
(but still recommended for some groups)
Polio
1956
Pertussis(Whooping cough)
1958
Tetanus
1961 (in new 3-in-1 DPT)
Measles
1968
1988 but still available on NHS as alternative to MMR until 19998
Rubella (German measles)
1971 (for girls only)
1988 (to boys and girls in MMR)
MMR
1988 with a second (given at 4 years of age) added in 1996
Hib Haemophilus inluenzae type B
1992
Meningitis C
1999
Pneumococcus
2006
Rotavirus
2013
Flu
This is being progressively introduced from 2013 so that eventually all children from 2 to 18 years will receive a yearly flu jab